Want to join the discussion? log in (or register, if you don't have an account)
Design of artificial intelligence must read
(observer)
Design of artificial intelligence must read
[1 paradox]Why 0.999... is not equal to 1?
Written in 2012
The current mathematic theory tells us, 1>0.9, 1>0.99, 1>0.999, ..., but at last it says 1=0.999..., a negation of itself (Proof 0.999... =1: 1/9=0.111..., 1/9x9=1, 0.111...x9=0.999..., so 1=0.999...). So it is totally a paradox, name it as 【1 paradox】. You see this is a mathematic problem at first, actually it is a philosophic problem. Then we can resolve it. Because math is a incomplete theory, only philosophy could be a complete one. The answer is that 0.999... is not equal to 1. Because of these reasons:
1. The infinite world and finite world.
We live in one world but made up of two parts: the infinite part and the finite part. But we develop our mathematic system based on the finite part, because we never entered into the infinite part. Your attention, God is in it.
0.999... is a number in the infinite world, but 1 is a number in the finite world. For example, 1 represents an apple. But then 0.999...? We don't know. That is to say, we can't use a number in the infinite world to plus a number in the finite world. For example, an apple plus an apple, we say it is 1+1=2, we get two apples, but if it is an apple plus a banana, we only can say we get two fruits. The key problem is we don't know what is 0.999..., we can get nothing. So we can't say 9+0.999...=9.999... or 10, etc.
We can use "infinite world" and "finite world" to resolve some of zeno's paradox, too.
2. lim0.999...=1, not 0.999...=1.
3.The indeterminate principle.
Because of the indeterminate principle, 1/9 is not equal to 0.111....
For example, cut an apple into nine equal parts, then every part of it is 1/9. But if you use different measure tools to measure the volume of every part, it is indeterminate. That is to say, you may find the volume could not exactly be 0.111..., but it would be 0.123, 0.1142, or 0.11425, etc.
Now we end a biggest mathematical crisis. But most important is this standpoint tells us, our world is only a sample from a sample space. When you realized this, and that the current probability theory is wrong, when you find the Metasamplespace, you would be able to create a real AIsystem. It will indicate that there must be one Godsystem in the system, which is the controller. Look our world, there must be one God, as for us, only some robots. Maybe we are in a God's game, WHO KNOWS?
相关阅读：
1、星际争霸1的AI设计思路：以人族开局为例
xingji.pen.io
2、诸神之战在星际争霸1的实现[001]AI游戏的发端
zhushen.pen.io
3、绝对真理的内涵、架构与印证
jueduizhenli.pen.io
4、概率论：完全可能性的理论与现实图景
gailvlun.pen.io
5、悖论问题的统一解
wenti.pen.io
6、从延安文艺座谈会到人类社会的未来
yanan.pen.io
7、发现号航天飞机——自然算法伟大的飞矢变换
faxian.pen.io
8、千古同一梦，开门笑解痴——我的红楼梦
youthy.typepad.com
More infos, download txt files from:
(1)speedyshare.com/DQz9y/AiforSC.rar
(2)filerio.in/kw4cl2l2y3qi
(3)8nlkzh.dl4free.com/en
(4)ge.tt/8M7YKlk/v/0
(5)freegigstorage.com/download.php?file=399AiforSC.rar
none Jul 9, 2013  4:45pm
log in to post
don't have an account? make one here
upcoming tour dates

Feb 18
Birmingham, AL, USA
Iron City 
Feb 19
Mobile, AL, USA
Soul Kitchen Music Hall 
Feb 22
Pasadena, CA, USA
Air+Style, Rose Bowl 
Feb 24
Minneapolis, MN, USA
First Avenue 
Mar 5
New York, NY, USA
Tibet House Benefit Concert, Carnegie Hall 
Mar 20
Veracruz, Mexico
Cumbre Tajin Festival 
May 10
Austin, TX, USA
Austin Psych Fest presents Levitation 
May 23
Liverpool, England, UK
Sound City 
May 29
Nelsonville, OH, USA
Nelsonville Music Festival